The National policy on Education aims at ensuring free and compulsory education of satisfactory quality to all children up to 14 years of age. Keeping this as the main thrust area, the objective of the department of education is to provide primary school within 1.0 Km of every habitation with a population of 150 or above. Non-Formal Education Centres have been provided in remote habitations where primary schools are not available.
There are 396 schools in A & N Islands spread over 36 Islands. Of these, 306 are managed by the Department of Education, 02 by Kendriya Vidhyalaya Sangatan, 02 by Navodaya Vidhyalaya Samiti, 2 are aided schools, 02 schools are maintained by Municipal Council and 71 are privately managed schools. In 2003 the Zilla Parishad in collaboration with Vivekananda Kendra has established 5 primary schools at Port Mout, Kadamatala, Basantipur, Pahalgaon and Diglipur.
Out of 306 Govt. schools, 24 are in tribal areas. All these Schools have a total of 85267 students including 6018 tribal students as on 30.09.2008. Education is provided in five mediums viz, English, Hindi, Tamil, Telugu and Bengali. All the Sr. Secondary and Secondary schools are affiliated to CBSE. The percentage of girl students is 48.38 and percentage of female teachers is 56.62%. There are 4726 teachers in the schools. The teacher pupil ratio is 1:18.